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The Fund to Fight AIDS

Overview  

Purpose

The purpose of the Fund is to attract, manage and disburse additional resources through a new public-private partnership that will make a sustainable and significant contribution to the reduction of infections, illness and death, thereby mitigating the impact caused by HIV AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria in countries in need, and contributing to poverty reduction as part of the Millenium Development goals.

 

Scope

1.1. The Fund will balance its resources by giving due priority to areas with the greatest burden of disease, while strengthening efforts in areas with growing epidemics. The Board of the Fund will be responsible for defining clear eligibility criteria within the limitations of available resources.

1.2. Recognizing that the Fund's resources will be complementary to other programs, criteria will be identified to focus the choice of activities/programs/projects to be supported.

1.3. The Fund will support strategies that focus on clear and measurable results.

1.4. The Fund will focus its resources on increasing coverage of critical and cost-effective interventions against the three diseases.

1.5. The Fund will provide grants to public, private, and nongovernmental programmes, respecting country-level public-private formulation and implementation processes, in support of technically sound and cost-effective interventions, for the prevention, treatment, care and support of the infected and directly affected. Without binding the Board or indicating priorities, the sort of activities that could be supported, for example, are: increased access to health services; provision of critical health products including drugs ; training of personnel and community health workers; behaviour change and outreach; and community-based programs, including care for the sick and orphans.

1.6. The Fund will support programs that:

1.6.1. Address the three diseases in ways that will contribute to strengthening health systems.

1.6.2. Stimulate and are integral to country partnerships involving government and civil society

1.7. The Fund will provide resources for the purchase of appropriate commodities to prevent and treat the three diseases, and provide associated support for strengthening comprehensive commodity management systems at country level, as a component of technically sound and reviewed programs.

1.8. The Fund will support public health interventions that address social and gender inequalities, as well as behavioural practices that fuel the spread of the three diseases, with an emphasis on health education.

1.9. The Fund could support operational research in the context of program implementation.

1.10. For areas in conflict or distress, the Fund will develop special criteria to support technically sound proposals designed to address critical HIV AIDS, TB, and malaria problems.

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Background

The world is alarmed about the global spread of HIV AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. This situation has created a global crisis that requires an urgent global response. An adequate response will require substantial additional effort from developed and developing country governments, multilateral agencies, the private, voluntary, traditional, and academic sectors, researchers, and private foundations.

A growing recognition of the extent and impact of HIV AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria has prompted calls for a new, global public-private partnership leading to strengthened cooperation, increased coordination, and greater investments aimed at these three diseases, with an overall goal of improving health outcomes.
  • In July 2000, G8 summit leaders in Okinawa endorsed the International Development targets for HIV AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria.
  • In September 2000, the European Commission outlined a new policy framework for tackling the three diseases.
  • In April 2001, the U.N. Secretary General issued a call to action for the creation of a Fund to fight HIV AIDS.
  • Also in April 2001, African leaders at the summit of the Organization of African Unity (OAU) in Abuja, Nigeria endorsed the need for greater efforts to fight HIV AIDS on the continent, and committed their leadership to the cause.
  • Declarations and financial commitments issued prior to, during, and after the groundbreaking UN General Assembly Special Session on HIV AIDS in June 2001 and at the G8 Summit in Genoa in July 2001 further increased the sense of urgency.
Finally, good health is fundamental to economic growth and poverty reduction and vice versa. One fifth of the world's population - 1.2 billion people - survives on less than $1 a day. This magnitude of poverty is accompanied by the spread of instability, conflict, population displacements, environmental degradation, and disease. The health crisis faced by the developing world created by the unchecked spread of HIV AIDS, TB, and malaria threatens to reverse the hard won development gains of the last 50 years. The recent momentum of high-level political engagement, and a consensus that business as usual will not suffice, provides the world an unprecedented opportunity to bolster efforts and create a new global partnership that encourages more efficient ways of working.

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